Rhinoplasty is one of the most demanded cosmetic operations. The reasons why it is carried out can be both aesthetic and physiological.
Recovery after rhinoplasty is slow and difficult, which means that the operation’s final result takes up to a year to be achieved.
The upper part of the structure of the nose is bone, and the lower part is cartilage. Rhinoplasty can modify bone, cartilage, skin, or all three.
When planning the operation, the surgeon considers facial features, skin on the nose, possible changes, etc. Surgical plans are usually individualized.
Rhinoplasty, a nose repair surgery
Some of the typical aesthetic aspects that are intended to be corrected with rhinoplasty are the saddle’s filing, to obtain a more rectilinear profile of the nose, refine the tip of it, shorten its length, or correct deviations of the entire nose.
Regarding the functional problems that may require a rhinoplasty, we find congenital malformations such as a cleft palate or cleft lip, or others acquired due to trauma.
Sometimes, there may be septum deviation problems that can lead to breathing difficulties in the affected person. However, it should be noted that in these cases, the operation to be carried out would not be a rhinoplasty but a septoplasty.
This type of intervention is the most used, in those cases that allow it since its great advantage is its low invasiveness. Through this technique, the bones and cartilage of the nose are accessed through small incisions through the nostrils. After the operation, the incisions are usually sutured with absorbable stitches, and there are no visible scars.
In the most complicated cases, which require a great restructuring of the nasal bone structure, this type of rhinoplasty is chosen. In them, an incision is made in the basal part (columella), an external approach is made in which the bones of the nose are exposed. After the operation, a small scar remains in the basal part of it.
Recovery after rhinoplasty
During the first 24 hours after rhinoplasty, the patient must remain completely rest in a bed with the head elevated. In these first hours, the person usually feels severe pain in the nose and head and a general feeling of swelling in the face. To avoid these pains, analgesic and anti-inflammatory drugs will be prescribed.
In the first postoperative days, the nose will remain very swollen and bruised, with bruises that can even reach the eye area. These effects can be alleviated by applying cold compresses. Another very common side effect is the presence of bleeding and persistent nasal stuffiness.
Some of the postoperative instructions that will be given to patients are to avoid both blowing the nose during these first days and tilting the head below the level of the heart.
The bruises and most of the swelling will disappear during the first 2 or 3 weeks. Nasal plugs, if required, will be removed after a few days. Dressings, splints, and sutures will be removed after three weeks at most.